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General

Translate the following words

1.      Selbstoffenbarung                                         self-disclosure

2.      Kommunikation                                            communication

3.      Nachricht                                                       message

4.      (Sach-)Inhalt                                                 content

5.      Zwischenmenschlich                                     interpersonal/inter-human

6.      Empfangen                                                    receive

7.      Kommunikationstheorie                                Communication Theory

8.      Widersprüchlich                                            contradictory/inconsistent

9.      Bestehen aus                                                 to consist of

10.  Beziehung                                                     relation

 

Fill in the right words from below

Communication Theories describe the ideas of the ways human beings communicate. Watzlawick’s communication theory consists of five axioms; amongst others it contains these theories:  One cannot not communicate. Furthermore he says that every communication has a content and a relationship aspect. Human communication involves both digital and analogue .Inter -human communication procedures are either symmetric or complementary. Another prominent theory is from Schulz von Thun. Every message has four different contents. The message contains self-disclosure, relationship, content and appeal. Meta communication is one level higher than normal communication.

relationship – four – Inter – Thun – Meta – communicate – analogue – content – Communication theories – content – appeal – five

Translate the following sentences

1.      Man kann nicht nicht kommunizieren

One cannot not communicate

2.      Jede Kommunikation hat einen Inhalts- und Beziehungsaspekt.

Every communication has a content- and relationship aspect

3.      Der letztere Aspekt bestimmt den ersteren.

The last aspect influences the first one

4.      Kommunikative Kompetenz beschreibt die Fähigkeit des Sprechers sich in verschiedenen Situation entsprechend zu verhalten und zu reden.

Communicative Competence describes the ability of the speaker to behave and talk according to different situations.

5.      Es gibt Unterschiede zwischen der gesendeten Nachricht und der empfangenen Nachricht.

There are differences between sent and received messages.

6.      Sprachliches Wissen ist der Einsatz von verbalen und nichtverbalen Codes.

Verbal knowledge is the usage of verbal and non-verbal codes.

7.      Soziale Struktur, Werte und Glaube bilden das kulturelle Wissen.

Social structure, values and belief form the cultural knowledge.

8.      Interaktionsfähigkeit wird über den passenden Gebrauch zum Erreichen von Zielen definiert.

Interaction competence is defined by the appropriate use to achieve objectives.

9.      Alles in allem ist Kommunikation das Verstehen von Gestik, Mimik und Sprache.

All in all is communication the understandung of gestures, facial expressions and language.

10.  Kommunikation verläuft entweder symmetrisch oder komplementär.

Communication either is symmetric or complementary.

The 5 pragmatic axioms of Paul Watzlawick

1.      A few people are sitting in a waiting room. No one is talking and everyone is busy with themselves. Most of the people are reading a magazine.

Task: Do those people communicate? If yes, then explain why. How can you include Watzlawick’s theory here?

Answer: One cannot not communicate. Everyone is communicating that he/she has no interest in communicating with the others.

2.      In a discussion person A depreciates person B’s arguments, because he doesn’t like her.

Task: Which aspect of Watzlawick’s communication theory does fit here?

Answer: Every communication depends on the content on the one hand and the relationship level on the other hand. A bad relationship can put the content in the rear.

3.      A couple has a problem. The wife nags her husband. Because of that the husband backs off. This again leads to even more nagging from side of his wife. And again the husband backs off even more.

Task: Which aspect of Watzlawick’s communication theory does fit here? Who started it?

Answer: Both communication partners see their own behaviour as a reaction on the other person’s behaviour. This makes human communication a cyclic process. Therefore you cannot tell who started such a cycle.

4.      Look at the following picture. In line with Watzlawick’s theory show the different aspects of the message sent by the driver.

Cs4

"Immer, wenn ich mit dir in Urlaub fahre, stehen wir im Stau!“

Answer:

digital:      „I’m always stuck in the traffic jam, when going on vacation with you.“

analogue:  „It’s your fault that we’re stuck in a traffic jam.“

5.      Give an example for each, a complementary and a symmetrical communication situation.

Answer:

complementary:    „A police officer stops a car and issues a caution.“ – The police officer is superior to the driver in this situation.

symmetrical:         „A rational discussion between two friends.“ – Both of them are on the same social and argumentative level.



Schulz von Thun

 

Translate the given sentence into the different perspectives!

Sender:

Content:

The colour of the car is red.

Self-disclosure:

I like this car because it‘s red.

Message:

The car is red.

Appeal:

Yeah, a red car.

Relationship:

You should have a red car, too.

Receiver:

Content:

The colour of the car is red.

Self-disclosure:

You like red cars and you are happy to see one.

Message:

The car is red.

Appeal:

He likes red cars.

Relationship:

You think we should buy a red car.



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